Back to Question Center
0

Semalt: Ginin azurfa ga dukan mummunan labarai game da bambancin dake cikin fasaha na Amurka

1 answers:
Semalt: The silver lining to all the bad news around diversity in U.S. tech

A wannan makon, Tattalin Arzikin Tattalin Arzikin Duniya ya fitar da Rahoton Gender Gap , wanda ya nuna cewa raguwa tsakanin mata da maza suna girma a kan shekara ta gabata.

Sheryl Sandberg ya rubuta "yawan mata masu neman digiri a kimiyyar kwamfuta suna faduwa," da kuma Amurka A yau ta ruwaito ) cewa a cikin Amurka, haɗin mata a cikin ma'aikata da fasaha ma'aikata za su ci gaba da karuwa, daga 24% zuwa 22% a cikin shekaru 10 masu zuwa "sai dai idan muna yin aiki a yanzu, "ya kara da cewa" bayani yana farawa tare da ilimi. "

Gaskiya ne, ma'aikatan fasaha a cikin U.S - horizon tech arctic replacement coils. yawanci sune fari da maza na Asiya, kuma wannan rashin daidaituwa an kwatanta shi a cikin ɗakunan kimiyya na kimiyya. Lambobi sun tarihi sun kasance a cikin maki K-12. Bincike da Cibiyar Kwalejin ta nuna cewa mata masu daukar kimiyyar kwamfuta a makarantar sakandare sun fi sau 6 a cikin jami'a.

Semalt: Gidawar azurfa ga dukan mummunan labarai game da bambancin dake cikin U. S. tech

Amma tun 2013, lambobi a K-12 sun fara canza

A cikin wannan mummunan labari "sai dai idan mun dauki mataki a yanzu," Ina so in kira hankali ga daruruwan dubban malamai K-12 su ne Yin aiki a yanzu. Ya kamata duniya ta yi farin ciki da waɗannan malamai kuma su kara girman sakamakon da suka yi. Tun 2013, a cikin gajeren shekaru uku, fiye da 400,000 malamai a kwarewar K-12 sun fara koyar da kimiyyar kwamfuta a cikin ɗakunan su, farawa a farkon Kindergarten.

Lissafin da ke ƙasa suna nuna bambancin ɗalibai miliyan 13 da ke koyaswa don ƙaddamar da Code. org's Code Studio , wanda ya zama a cikin shekaru 3 ya kasance mafi mashahuri tsarin ƙaddamarwa a cikin maki K-12:

Semalt: Gidawar azurfa ga dukan mummunan labarai game da bambancin dake cikin U. S. tech

Yayin da mafi yawan ɗaliban suna koyon ƙaddamarwar gabatarwar kimiyyar kwamfuta, koda a kimiyyar kwamfuta mai zurfi (AP), hoto ya bambanta a kan shekaru uku da suka shige, bayan shekaru goma da suka dade. Tun shekara ta 2013, haɓaka da mata da ƙananan 'yan tsiraru a AP Computer Science sun karu da sauri. Hakika, yawan lambobin suna cike da rashin daidaito - kashi 78 cikin dari na dalibai na fari ne ko Asiya, 77% su ne namiji. Muna da hanya mai tsawo don tafiya kuma matsala ba a warware ba, amma an canza canjin shekara-shekara a hanya madaidaiciya:

Semalt: Gidawar azurfa ga dukan mummunan labarai game da bambancin dake cikin U. S. tech

Wannan ba kawai yake faruwa ba a wata makaranta ko a cikin wata jiha, yana faruwa a ƙasa. A Arkansas, Gwamna Asa Hutchinson ya ba da takardar lissafi don bayar da damar shiga kimiyyar kwamfuta a kowane makaranta, kuma a cikin shekara guda Arkansas ya ruwaito kimanin kashi 300 cikin dari na mata da ke nazarin kimiyyar kwamfuta, da kuma karuwar 600% a tsakanin matan Amurka.

Sabuwar Dokokin Kimiyyar Kwamfuta ta AP

Abin da ke kawo ni mafi bege shine gabatar da sabuwar ka'idodin Kimiyyar Kimiyya ta wannan shekara, sabuwar hanya na ci gaba (AP) ta haɓaka tare da haɗin gwiwar Kwalejin Kwalejin. Wannan hanya tana gabatar da dalibai ga ka'idojin kimiyya na kwamfuta, tare da tsarin karatu da ci gaba da ilmantarwa da aka tsara musamman don jawo hankali da kuma ƙaddamar da dalibai waɗanda aka saba da su a al'ada.

Makarantar shekara ta 2016-17 ita ce karo na farko da ake koyar da wannan darasi a sikelin fadin daruruwan ɗalibai, tare da jarrabawar Kwalejin Kwalejin Kwalejin AP da za a gudanar a cikin bazara. Kodayake ba a ba da takardun rajista ba don Kwamfuta Kwamfuta na Kayan Kwamfuta, Na yi tsammanin cewa lambobin bambancin suna zana hoto daban-daban fiye da abin da kuke gani a masana'antar fasahar gargajiya, ko kuma a cikin ilimin kimiyya ta AP.

Maganin ba kawai game da ilimin ilimi ba

Hakika, wannan ba matsala ce ta ilimi ba. Ƙananan nuna bambanci ko nuna bambancin nuna bambanci yana tasiri ga jinsi da bambancin launin fata a cikin lissafi. Wani binciken da aka yi kwanan nan ya nuna cewa mata sau goma sha 11 sun fi saurin yin aiki a cikin fasahohi idan an kori jinsi a yayin aikin haya.

Kuma rahotanni sun nuna cewa kamfanonin fasaha sunyi mummunan aiki na riƙe ko inganta mata masu aikin injiniya. Wadannan su ne matsala masu gaske, kuma mafita ba wai kawai jiragen ilimi don magance aikin hawan mai. Amma kuma zai iya yiwuwa ilimin lissafi ba zai iya magance rabuwa tsakanin ma'aikatan ba tare da magance wannan rata a cikin ilimin ba, kuma sakamakon da ke cikin K-12 yana da matukar ƙarfafawa a hanya mai kyau.

Binciki sakamakon sakamakon malamai masu ban mamaki

A lokacin da mafi yawan labarai da kake gani ko karantawa mummunar labarai ne, labarin abin da yake faruwa a K-12 kimiyyar kwamfuta ya ba da alamar bege. Wadannan lambobin sun bada shawara cewa za mu iya sake canza jinsi da bambancin launin fata a cikin ma'aikatan fasaha kuma don samar da damar samun dama ga matasan da suke bukatar shi.

Wannan canje-canje ne kawai ya yiwu ne saboda rashin sha'awar masu koyarwa da malaman Amurka, waɗanda suka yanke shawarar cewa kimiyyar kwamfuta tana da mahimmancin isa ya kamata a shiga cikin kundin tsarin K-12 a cikin ɗakunan ajiyar makaranta. Wannan ba kawai ra'ayin bane, yana faruwa. Wadannan malamai masu ban mamaki suna koyar da kimiyyar kwamfuta ta yau da kullum ga 'ya'yanmu a yau, ba a taba gani ba a tarihin Amurka.

Muna da bashi godiya ga waɗannan malamai, don samar da damar da za su koyi kimiyyar kwamfuta zuwa miliyoyin dalibai, ba tare da jinsi, kabilanci, ko zamantakewar zamantakewa ba.

Yadda zaka iya taimaka

Hanyar mafi mahimmanci zaka iya taimakawa shine karfafawa malami don kokarin bayar da kimiyyar kwamfuta a cikin aji.

Idan kana so ka ci gaba da taimakawa wajen taimakawa wannan aikin, wanda zaka iya taimakawa a cikin aji: shiga don taimakawa tare da Sa'a na Katin wannan Disamba, ko taimakawa wani malamin kimiyya na kwamfuta ya karfafa ɗalibai a ko'ina cikin shekara ta makaranta.

Bisa ga dukkan labarai mummunar da aka ruwaito yau da kullum, labarin kimiyyar kwamfuta a cikin ɗakunan ajiyar Amirka yana ba da haske. Aiki tare, za mu iya canja wani abu. Taimaka mana yada kalma.

Hoton Hotuna: Rawpixel / Shutterstock (An BABI DA KUMA)

March 10, 2018